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University education in Turkey

University education in Turkey

June 06, 2022
Study in Turkey
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University education in Turkey has witnessed great development, and according to the head of the Turkish Higher Education Council, Yekta Seraj, the number of international undergraduate (bachelor) students in Turkey has increased from 17,000 in 2000 to more than 200,000 in 2020, according to an interview with Hurriyet newspaper . As a result, Turkey is among the 10 most welcoming countries for international students in the world. Turkey's global appeal as a higher education destination is also due to factors such as culture, cheap financial costs, and recent educational advancement, in addition to the fact that it has obtained university degrees from the best universities in the region. And around the world.

University education in Turkey

Turkey has approximately 130 public universities and 75 private universities that offer a variety of degree programs in a variety of subjects. Universities have different application processes and different admission criteria, which can be confusing for foreign students who want to study. The following paragraphs highlight on the most important dimensions.


university education in Turkey (bachelor’s degree) lasts four years, with an increase of one year in (dentistry) or two years in (human medicine) for medical branches, in addition to the year of language preparation, in case the accepted student does not speak the target language Indeed.


Although many universities offer opportunities to study in English, Turkish remains the most popular language of instruction during the study period, and due to the high competitiveness of the former, the possibility of learning Turkish for those wishing to study in Turkey is still strong, other languages such as German and French Arabic, is also available for education, although it is still far from the general picture.


Until 2010, international students were accepted into Turkish universities through the Higher Education Council's Central "Foreign Students Examination" ( YoS ), which included questions in mathematics, engineering and IQ.


The score obtained from this test determines which universities and branches an international student can study through the formal differentiation system, the Turkish Education Council has allowed universities to determine their admission requirements based on the principles of the Council, which has resulted in a wide range of criteria and conditions for admission to the university.

Application and conditions for admission to Turkish universities

Obtaining an internationally recognized high school diploma is a requirement for admission to any Turkish university, and the degree rate plays a role in admission prospects, the importance of which varies from one university to another.


Those wishing to apply to Turkish universities must apply for each university separately after the decentralization of the mechanism for accepting international students in Turkish universities, this is often done through the official website of the university, in most cases, the application is free.


In other cases, there are few fees, each year an official statement sets standards for each university before university education in Turkey, the student must first determine the branches he wants to study and then study the standards and conditions for each of them, obtaining local YoS exam certificates , or a certificate The international SAT exam generally improves your chances of getting a college place.

University education in Turkey according to admission mechanisms

  • Universities that require students to pass the SAT are all over the world.
  • Universities that require passing the YOS exam .


  • Other universities have both and give priority to either.


  • Universities that only accept applicants with a recognized high school diploma.

What is the Turkish YÖS exam?

It is the entrance examination for international students with a high school diploma who seek to join university education in Turkey, as the examination was supervised by the Turkish Ministry of Higher Education until 2010.


But in 2011, the Turkish Ministry of Higher Education decided to delegate the supervision of the exam to the Turkish universities themselves, allowing each university to organize its own YOS exam and decide the number of questions and time according to its own preferences.


Many Turkish institutions, most notably the universities of "Istanbul" and "Ankara", have developed their own exams, which in terms of syllabus correspond to the previous YOS central exam and determine the degree and type of admission.


Although the content of the exams is designed to measure mathematical skills and intelligence according to international standards, intensive preparation through educational centers published in Turkish territory or the curricula attended by centers is recommended, dozens of universities have adopted a similar policy over the years annually organizing dozens of YOS exams local.


Although the content of the exams is designed to measure mathematical skills and intelligence according to international standards, intensive preparation through the education centers published in the Turkish territory or the curricula attended by the centers as specialized education is recommended.

YÖS Exam for Turkish Universities

It is worth noting that many of the local " YOS " tests conducted by universities allow the difference between several universities, such as the " YOS " exam of Istanbul University, which 60 other Turkish universities accept during their application.


As a result, a student who wants to apply for university education in Turkey through the " YOS " test does not need to register for dozens of exams held by different institutions every year. Instead, it is enough to take some exams that have obtained high accreditation from other universities.


high scores on a few YOS exams with a high degree of accreditation is the most reliable approach for admission to Turkish universities, and is the most popular among the many requirements used by Turkish institutions.

 International SAT Exam

To accept international students, many Turkish colleges use the international SAT test as a certification that supports the application and forms the English reading and writing component.


In addition to the Mathematics section, the SAT exam syllabus administered by the American College Board International in hundreds of locations around the world, a student is required to have a good score in English in order to be able to achieve a high score on the SAT exam.


SAT allows students to apply to dozens of Turkish universities, including one of the best universities in the country in terms of university popularity and admission potential. It is used by English language professors who want to avoid stiff competition in the " YOS " exams .

Turkish public and private universities

University education in Turkey , especially government, has a higher level of education than private universities in terms of quality versus cost, and public colleges also outperform private universities.


As a result, competition for admission to government institutions among foreign students is more fierce than at private colleges, requiring public colleges to set stricter admission criteria.


 Several private colleges, such as Sapanca, Bilkent and Koç, which are among the oldest and best universities in Turkey, have challenged the idea that public universities are superior in terms of education as well as other private colleges that offer outstanding education .

Tuition fees in Turkish universities

fees in Turkey (bachelor’s) in Turkey vary greatly by branch and university, starting from $1,000 per year (public university and regular branch) and going up to $20,000 per year (in the case of the most powerful private universities in Turkey).



Living wages while studying vary depending on the student's criteria, but it can start around 1,000 TL per month if you live in student housing sponsored by the state or NGOs.


High test scores and certificates for international students contribute to obtaining scholarships that significantly reduce university costs, or even grants that cover full study and living expenses.


The most famous of these scholarships is the one granted by the Turkish government to a few thousand students under the name "Turkey Burslar Scholarships " which covers all the student's expenses during the study period.


It used to be that Syrian students were exempted from public university fees, but in the past two years, several government colleges have begun to cancel this exemption, or apply the exemption only to temporary visa holders.

Ranking of the top 10 Turkish universities in the world

  • Cankaya University .
  • Koç University .
  • Hacettepe Üniversitesi University .
  • Sabancı University .
  • Bilkent University - Bilkent University.
  • Boğaziçi University .
  • Özyeğin University .
  • Istanbul Technical University .
  • Istanbul University - İstanbul Üniversitesi .
  • Middle East Technical University - Middle East university .